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Buying a job

The percentage of officials becoming local officials through imperial examinations, number of exams given, Yin privilege, or purchased during Qing Dynasty, per Elman (687).

Year # of Officials Exam Yin1 Purchase Other
1764 2,071 72.5% 1.1% 22.4% 4%
1840 1,949 65.7 1.0 29.3 4
1871 1,790 43.8 0.8 51.2 4.2
1895 1,975 47.9 1.2 49.4 1.5
Increase/Decrease         -24.6%                    +27.0%

Yin, hereditary privilege

Published in📚 Rise of a Mandarin

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