Yi-liang Chou 周一良

Yiliang Zhou 周一良 (1913 Qingdao – 2001 Beijing)

– Ph.D. 1944, Harvard University
– Professor of History, Beijing University

He obtained his PhD in history from Harvard in 1944, thesis titled 唐代印度来华密宗三僧考 A very privileged and talented scholar, fluent in several languages … but he got tangled up in the Cultural Revolution, became a pawn for Gang of Four.  In the academic world here they say you publish or perish; during Cultural Revolution, you comply or die.  批林批孔 批周公. When the Gang of Four had power struggle with Zhou Enlai, they dismissed the prominent 翦伯赞Jian Bozan, and they needed someone of similar status to replace him.  That someonewas Yiliang.  He was forced to say/do many things he didn’t believe in, slandering … he mentioned this in several books: when the campaign against Hu Shi just began, he thought there’s chance that they’ll see each other down the road, he ought to be fair and decent.  But when the momentum excelterated, he had no way out but to weight in too.  He even ‘absurdly censured John Fairbank as an American spy.”  Pitiful waste of talent.

周一良,安徽东至人,1913年1月19日生于山东青岛。8岁入塾,习经、史、子书,后加日文、英文。1930年入北平燕京大学国文专修科,1913年入北平辅仁大学历史系。1932年转入燕京大学历史系。1935年毕业后入燕京大学研究院肄业一年。1936-1937年任中央研究院历史语言研究所助理员。1939年到美国哈佛大学研究院,入远东语文系主修日本语言文学,开始学习梵文。太平洋战争爆发后,兼在哈佛大学陆军训练班教日语。1944年获博士学位。1944-1946年任哈佛大学日语教员。1946-1947年回国任燕京大学中文系副教授,1947年-1949年任清华大学外文系教授,1949年-1952年转任历史系教授,并兼任系主任。1952年以后,任北京大学历史西教授,兼任中国古代史教研室主任、亚洲(亚非)室教研室主任、历史系副主任、主任,多次到亚洲、欧美等国家和地区讲学和进行学术交流。
周一良教授精通日语、英语、梵文多种语言,学贯中西,三四十年代在魏晋南北朝领域用功颇深,50年代后,主要从事日本史及亚非史的研究,80年代以后重理旧业,继续从事魏晋南北朝史的研究。

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天地一书生 周一良
钻石婚杂忆

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