Children left behind 留守儿童

China’s rise in the recent decades has produced a group that’s large enough to have a term coined for them: Children Left Behind. I suppose that I was one of them a generation or two ago. What differs mine with this one is the underline circumstance: mine was passive and the current one is active, made possibly by economic mobility.

Nainai had two maids in the early 1980s, the last few years of her life in Beijing. First was a young girl in her late teen or early twenty,  from Anhui Province, 1000 km (645 miles) south of Beijing. I had met her twice on my visits. One day she stole my Yeye’s trouser. When caught, she told them that’s for her boyfriend.

“Do you have a boyfriend?” Nainai asked her.

“No I don’t now but I will.” She replied without a blink.

Never mind Yeye was 80 years old. Anhui was one of the poorest provinces in China and for a while, young women from Anhui filled that market niche in the capital. Soon the married mothers found their way out of poverty too. They were like the Filipinas in Hong Kong. The second one was a young mother. She followed her fellow villagers footstep and found way to my home, being employed by Nainai. Her toddler son was being cared for by her in-laws. Her husband went to Shenzhen and worked in a garment factory.

These two women were not unique. China’s rise in the recent decades produces unprecedented economical achievement. The work force that enabled this prosperity had made trade that, in some corner applauded as sacrifice for a better future while in the other, called swift shop labor. Their children, many were left in the village (of course some were living with them in the new city) they are large enough of a force to have a name coined for them: Children left behind 留守儿童. This isn’t a phenomenal unique only in China but a world wide trend when economic mobility become a reality.

There is a subclass in China, Children Left Behind. Their parents went to elsewhere to work to support the rise of China and left them with grandparents and relatives. I must be the first one.

 

在中国农村有这样一个群体:他们的父母为了生计外出打工,为国家经济发展和社会稳定作贡献,但是作为子女的他们却被留在了农村家里,一年难得跟父母见次面。同样在东至也有这么一批儿童,他们的父母双双在外奔波,生理和心理正在成长需要父疼母爱的他们集中起来就变成了一个特殊的弱势群体———留守儿童。根据权威调查,中国农村目前“留守儿童”数量超过了5800万人。57.2%的留守儿童是父母一方外出,42.8%的留守儿童是父母同时外出。留守儿童中的79.7%由爷爷、奶奶或外公、外婆抚养,13%的孩子被托付给亲戚、朋友,7.3%为不确定或无人监护。
调查显示,由于父母均外出打工,与留守儿童聚少离多,远远不能尽其作为监护人的义务。而占绝对大比例的隔代教育又有诸多不尽人意之处,这种状况容易导致留守儿童“亲情饥渴”,心理健康、性格等方面出现偏差,学习受到影响。主要表现在内心封闭、情感冷漠、自卑懦弱、行为孤僻、缺乏爱心和交流的主动性,还有的脾气暴躁、冲动易怒,常常将无端小事升级为打架斗殴。由于“留守儿童”特殊的生活和教育环境,由此引发的生活、教育、情感、心理等一系列问题日益凸显。
随着农村外出务工人员的增多,农村 “留守儿童”问题已成为当前基础教育的一个重要问题。“留守儿童”缺少父母的爱,在对他们的管教上很容易出现“三多”和“三缺”问题:隔代监护多溺爱、寄养监护多偏爱、无人监护多失爱;生活上缺人照应、行为上缺人管教、学习上缺人辅导。“留守儿童”问题成了为基础教育和社会存在的一个大问题。
以上分析尽管不尽全面,但是足以引起社会、家庭、学校的重视。就有这样一个组织走进了“留守儿童”这个弱势群体,她就是“东至爱心联盟”。“留守儿童”问题深深地牵动着东至爱心联盟的心。东至爱心联盟以发扬人道主义精神和保护人的生命和健康为宗旨,以最易受损集体为服务对象,开展各种相关志愿活动。为了解决“留守儿童”存在的问题,东至爱心联盟做了大量的工作,派遣相关人员深入其中了解实际情况,调查这些孩子问题的存在以及策划解决问题的相关办法。东至爱心联盟从多方面入手,积极展开相关活动,尽最大努力帮助这些孩子。东至爱心联盟积极组织青年志愿者与“留守儿童”开展结对帮扶活动,让他们感受新时代的气息以及城市文化和城市生活;开展儿童趣味运动会以及儿童比赛活动,让孩子们体味童年的快乐,享受生活的美好;到儿童们的家里送温暖,让他们体味爱的含义,培养孩子们的动手能力等等相关活动。
2014年11月10日,东至人网-爱心联盟公益组织自发组织的20多家商家,与东至县宣传部、东至电视台携手为东至县张溪镇土桥小学344名学生送去书包、铅笔和练习本等学习用品。让这些父母不在身边的小朋友同样感受到来自全社会的温暖。同时希望更多有社会责任感的企业,为社会弱势群体提供更多帮助,让他们感受到来自全社会对他们的帮助与支持,共建和谐友爱的新社会!

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