Opium war reversed

The first opium war was waged in 1839 and

No yan

德国人顾彬:余华莫言是落后作家 他们根本不懂人是什么
读书小马甲8天前259评论
德国汉学家顾彬对大家而言可能是个陌生的名字,这里简单的介绍一下他:
德国人顾彬:余华莫言是落后作家 他们根本不懂人是什么
顾彬

沃尔夫冈·顾彬(Wolfgang Kubin),中文名顾彬,1945年生于德国下萨克森州策勒市。著名汉学家,翻译家,作家。波恩大学汉学系教授,德国翻译家协会及德国作家协会成员。他是德国最著名的汉学家之一,以中国古典文学、中国现当代文学和中国思想史为主要研究领域。主要作品和译著有《中国诗歌史》《二十世纪中国文学史》《鲁迅选集》六卷本等。
当顾彬把中国当代小说比作为“大个的火腿”时,不禁让人想起了莫言的《丰乳肥臀》,那本厚得像砖头的小说还真是个大家伙。而顾彬的形象有点像小一号,或者说清瘦版的史泰龙。他看上去基本上是一个温文尔雅的人,他的语调也没有丝毫火药味,但是话一出口,就像洛奇的出拳一样凶狠。
而这一次 ,以“中国当代文学垃圾论”闻名的他没有把谁比作垃圾,可是余华、格非、苏童、莫言,这些当代中国文学的中坚力量,在他眼里比垃圾也好不了多少,“他们根本不知道人是什么。”他几乎判了他们的“死刑”。
中国当代作家根本不知道人是什么

作者|顾彬
星期柒新闻周刊:提起您,就会想到“中国当代文学是垃圾”这个话题。绕开“垃圾”,让我们从您的另外一个有意思的判断开始今天的对话。您说过1949年前,中国文学,也就是现代文学是五粮液;1949年后中国文学,也就是当代文学是二锅头。这是不是有种时代决定论的味道?因为我们知道即便是同一个时代,也会有不同的作家。
顾彬:那是因为1949年前后,中国文坛发生了很大的变化。在三四十年代,中国在文学上比一些欧洲的国家进步得多。而在1949年后,中国就和现代性的文学告别了。1949年前,就有一部分中国作家希望文学能够帮助中国得到解放,文学应该为政治服务,比较有代表性的作家是何其芳和臧克家。今天来看,他们走的这条路被证明是错的,因为文学应该是为语言,为艺术,为美学而服务。现在,中国的文学基本上不再和政治相联系。
星期柒新闻周刊:您在去年出版了《20世纪中国文学史》,据介绍,您是站在世界文学的角度,来对中国文学作出判断和评价的?
顾彬:是的。20世纪上半叶,中国文学可以和世界其他国家的文学相媲美,像法国、意大利、西班牙,没问题。1949年到1979年,恐怕只能和东欧国家的文学相比较。1979年以后,中国的诗歌肯定没有问题,80年代的中国诗人可以和世界上重要的诗人相比较。从戏剧来看,中国在80年代做过一些现代化的努力,但是成就没法与同时代的世界戏剧相比,因为中国的戏剧基本都是模仿的作品。从小说来看,在80年代,中国还是出了一些好的作品,比如张洁的一些写妇女问题的小说。她的思想和当时国际上的价值观很接近,所以她的小说很容易被欧洲的读者所接受,她当时在德国非常红。王蒙的小说也具备了国际水平。但是80年代,中国文学的成就主要在诗歌,而不是小说。
星期柒新闻周刊:再往后呢?
顾彬:从1992年以后看,中国文学和世界文学一样,也慢慢迈上了走向市场的路。德国读者大部分不看德国文学。在德国出版的文学作品,70%都不是德国文学。德国读者喜欢看美国小说和中国小说。为什么呢?因为1945年以后,欧洲的小说家不再写什么真正的故事,对小说而言,不再是讲故事的时代。唯一还写故事的作家是美国人和中国人。这也是美国和中国小说受德国读者欢迎的原因。但这些读者不包括知识分子,也不包括汉学家。这些读者的文学素养和文化水平都是比较低的。
在德国,我们把通俗文学作品称作为火腿。火腿,你今天买,一年后你还能吃,在路上在旅行的时候也可以吃。德国读者旅行时喜欢带上一本书。这本书应该比较厚,比较大,就像火腿一样。莫言、余华、苏童、毕飞宇,他们在中国发表的书,到了德国以后,变成了火腿。德国知识分子、文学家看到这些书以后就会觉得很反感。他们会觉得,这些书不是为我而写而出版的,它们是给不了解真正文学的那些人看的。让他们觉得好玩,从中得到乐趣。所以中国当代小说,在德国根本不属于严肃文学。
中国当代诗人不一样。德国人和中国人一样,很少有人看诗歌。但是无论是哪个城市,无论是哪个文化中心,如果请中国诗人来朗诵或者开座谈会,至少会来40个人,有时候会多到100个人、250个人。如果中国小说家来,最多来10个、20个读者。
中国当代作家根本不知道人是什么
星期柒新闻周刊:您刚才提到的这些作家,在中国都算是严肃作家,而且都曾经是先锋派。怎么到了德国就成了通俗作家了呢?
顾彬:因为他们讲故事。莫言的《生死疲劳》,还特别用章回体来写。欧洲的作家写小说通常都写一个人,莫言的小说一写就是几十个人,这让人受不了。中国当代小说家,他们不会写人的内心,他们根本不知道人是什么。他们写的都是人的表象。中国的当代小说家写不出一个城市的味道来。王安忆写上海,她写的是一个非常抽象的上海。中国当代小说家喜欢讲已经讲过的故事,他们没有什么想象力。
我们为什么不需要故事呢?我们看报纸,看电视,听新闻,生活里有作家们想不出来的故事。我们需要的不是故事,而是揭示。但是中国当代作家没办法给我们揭示什么东西,不能给我们揭示为什么会发生某件事情,为什么一个地方会有某个特点,为什么有人会跳楼,为什么有人会对生活失望,人应该走什么路,人应该怎么办。
星期柒新闻周刊:回答您这样的问题,难道不应该通过一个故事来表现吗?
顾彬:应该看这个作家有没有思想。现在的作家都是为了钱而写作。他们写作不会少写一句话,而一定会多写一句话。因为多写一句话,他们可以多拿一点钱。德国的翻译家翻译中国的小说,要“翻死了”。德国翻译家翻译中国作家的作品都是意译,都是减缩的。中国的小说都太冗长了。
在德国文学界看来,美国和中国的小说都是通俗小说。
德国人顾彬:余华莫言是落后作家 他们根本不懂人是什么
中国当代作家:女的胸部大,他就想摸一摸
星期柒新闻周刊:翻译到德国的中国小说多吗?
顾彬:很多。卫慧、棉棉、虹影的书卖得特别的好,因为德国大部分读者是女性。
星期柒新闻周刊:您在2007年说的“垃圾”,实际上指的就是这些女作家的作品?
顾彬:对。
星期柒新闻周刊:如果说卫慧、棉棉的书是垃圾,那么您如何评价余华、格非这一代中国作家的作品?
顾彬:他们根本不是先锋,他们是落后的。他们都在讲故事。比如格非的最新的小说还是在讲故事。还有一个问题,中国不少作家,他们小说中的叙述者对女人的态度是我们所受不了的。在他们的作品中,男人没办法了解女人。女人都是肉。比如说,莫言的《酒国》,男的碰到女的,女的胸部很大,他就想摸一摸。我打开一本书,看到这样一句话,我马上就会把书合上。我不能接受他们对女人的态度。
德国人顾彬:余华莫言是落后作家 他们根本不懂人是什么
顾彬在长城

中国当代小说家应该沉默二三十年
星期柒新闻周刊:在您看来,中国当代文学存在着很严重的问题,就像一个病人,那怎么医治呢?
顾彬:第一,他们应该沉默二三十年;第二,他们应该继续写,写完后把作品放在抽屉里,过了二三十年,拿出来看好不好;第三,他们应该学外语;第四,他们应该读外国的原著;第五,他们应该和外国的作家见面,进行交流,不应该通过我们介绍。很多汉学家,没有文学的背景。
中国当代诗人写出了最好的诗歌
星期柒新闻周刊:高行健之后,中国作家有谁会诺奖呢,或者说您欣赏的当代中国作家有哪些呢?
顾彬:诗人:北岛、多多、杨炼、王小妮、翟永明。他们可以和世界上最好的诗人相比。
星期柒新闻周刊:请您也具体评评中国当代的小说家吧。
顾彬:格非,《迷舟》不错,但后来的作品不喜欢,都在讲故事。苏童,一样问题。余华,他的先锋作品我不喜欢,我比较喜欢他作品中的人道主义,但最近的小说不喜欢,《兄弟》写得比较脏。孙甘露,是在玩文学。
星期柒新闻周刊:您看过韩寒、张悦然等80后作家的作品吗?
顾彬:我知道他们。应该有一个中国人告诉我应该看,但是没有一个中国作家、学者向我推荐他们。我也看过一些,他们中的一些人寄作品给我,他们用最简单的语言写作。新一代的人有可能会有他们的贡献。但我还要对此思考。
星期柒新闻周刊:最后一个问题,您最欣赏的当代中国作家是谁?
顾彬:这是一个非常麻烦的问题,因为北岛是美国人,多多是荷兰人,杨炼是新西兰人,他们还是中国作家吗?我这样回答你:翟永明。她是生活在中国的中国诗人。
星期柒新闻周刊:再加一个问题,如果范围扩大到整个20世纪,包括那些逝去的作家呢?
顾彬:鲁迅。
德国人顾彬:余华莫言是落后作家 他们根本不懂人是什么
诗人北岛:卑鄙是卑鄙者的通行证,高尚是高尚者的墓志铭。

文章来源:《现代快报》,记者

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The Eagles and the Wynners

This is a long story but I’ll make it short. Both are bands, one in USA and one in Hong Kong. Glenn Frey was the lead vocal for the Eagles who had passed away in 2016. Alan Tam and Kenny Bee are the most well known band members of Wynners (溫拿). According to wiki, Alan launched a total of 115 solo albums and has sold over 35 million records worldwide – here they’re singing Eagles’ New Kid in Town in 1977. I think Tam’s worldwide might be a little overstated but given the fact that Chinese are everywhere, so I’ll leave at it.

There’s war between the fans of Leslie Cheung and Tam. I much prefered Cheung than Tam, bec Cheung showed his true color – this BBC report in 2018, showed Cheung, although died – he committed sucided in 2003 is till the star; while Tam is superficial – won’t even admit that he’s married in fear of offend his female fans. How foolish. And his wife played along. Foolish.

 

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Workplace Compliance Services

1843 Central Avenue, #142
Albany, NY 12205

Is this company a fraud, charging $90 to renew a biennial statement, which on the state government site costs only $9 (link here).

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Putin

10 years ago Putin gave an interview – he was chosen as Man of the Year – around the time he got naked on a horse (while Bush was in a fighter pilot suit…) and Mr. Putin said … the West thinks he just got off a tree with dirty in his hair … seriously I think he is and does even today -:)

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My MacAir never really works well. Twice I walked in – because I can’t tolerate it any more – and twice was told they’ve no appointment. And I can’t return it because it passed 14 days policy. I’ve never had any problems with Dell laptop and wondering why am I’m paying so much more for a machine that does exactly the same as. Dell but with daily aggravation.

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Oh the lies …

I’m searching for Winston Churchill and the link of Trumps visiting Blenheim Palace turned up. I watched. The beautiful castle under the setting sun, the hue is just incredibly gorgeous. Then the next video turned up and it’s CNN’s Queen Elizabeth II welcomes Trump to Windsor Castle. I watched again … at 4:01 mark, they Queen is gesturing to Trump .. Trump walks a little then stops when he doesn’t see the Queen, who is behind him and deciding which side of Trump she should be walking … Stop the misleading, misinfomation.

75799

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Bernard Boursicot and Shi Peipu

This is an interesting story of love (?), sex and spy, between a French diplomat and Beijing opera singer. Both male but Shi was able to convince Boursicot that he’s a female and gave birth to his son.

Reporter Joyce Wadler, who wrote the book Liaison about the affair, would later attribute Boursicot’s belief that Shi was a woman to Shi’s unique ability to retract his own testicles, which, combined with the manipulation of his own penis, created the illusion of labial lips and a clitoris and allowed for shallow penetration.

There were M Butterfly and movie … and here is a Chinese version.

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Trump and the queen, MacArthur and Hirohito

Waking up to this headline news. The little queen in blue is trying to sneak up to Trump … she walks to his left then to his right … The comments on this are mostly negative to Trump. But I thought different – the first thing pops into my mind is the photo of General MacArthur and Hirohito in 1945, which made the puny emperor human and humble, and elevated the American.

The little emperor was worshiped by his people. MacArthur wanted to humanized him and took this picture, to show Hirohito was a puny man. It worked. Hirohito … changed into a constitutional monarch. So much better for Japan…. ‘Queen’s English’ … lmho …

AND THE TRUTH

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President Trump Participates in a Joint Press Conference with the Prime Minister of the UK

2018.7.13

I started listening on radio 1130 AM as I was driving and sat in the car after I got home. An interesting press conference that lasted 1:43:20. Trump and May took many questions, on a wide range of topics. Trump complimented a male reporter’s hat and corrected a female reporter’s question (I think she’s from NBC?), for which he has just corrected a few minutes prior. She asked that “you’ve criticized PM May’s …”

I wonder, a reporter asks/writes such careless or intentional misleading question/article, does the network/newspaper deserves to be heard/read?

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MSFT’s Word is terrible …

Microsoft Word has been a hell for me lately. One of the complains are, there isn’t a way to hide Endnotes… They don’t have this feature. Might be in the future. Keep my fingers crossed.

And the biggest headache is, the auto correct and correct as I’m typing aren’t working. Numerous troubleshooting techs had helped. when that failed, they referred me to the 2nd level. When the second level failed, they referred my case to the 3rd level or research team. First, the research team didn’t call as scheduled. Then as with the troubleshooters, they told me, the auto-correction feature only works when I ADD the misspelled words to the list. Hello??? REALLY??? Really? I have never ever added a single word to the list, how did it work before?

And the autosave is only available when you’re using their cloud OneDrive. I was using the OneDrive but got this warning. For safety, I switched to the hard drive, without autosave.

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Jurassic Park 2018

Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom is fine, except, the woman doesn’t belong there … but on the other hand, I looked her up: she’s (Apollo 13 – Ron Howard’s daughter) 37 years old. For this, I applaud her.

   

🦕 恐龙公园挺好 除了女主角. 好奇查了一下 她37岁 是Ron Howard 的女儿 (Apollo 13). 突然想起J Lo 穿着紧身衣迎接2010新年. 那晚爬里有个肥婆频频批评 J Lo … 忍不住问 30多岁的女生保持的这么好 不该替她高兴?后来就没有后来了 [呲牙]

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Wind River

This is a wonderful movie made in 2017.

WIND RIVER is a chilling thriller that follows a rookie FBI agent (Elizabeth Olsen) who teams up with a local game tracker with deep community ties and a haunted past (Jeremy Renner) to investigate the murder of a local girl on a remote Native American Reservation in the hopes of solving her mysterious death.

I was pretty sure that Cory (Jeremy Renner) would find out how his daughter died … The dare circumstances of the native Indians are touching, which brings up the question I often ask:

Does a nation (race or relgion in that matter) have the right to impose her will onto another country, like how to govern, live?

If the Amazon people want to remain in the huts, hunt games and drink the water from the creek, do we have the right to force them into our frame of mind and standard of living – air conditioning, running water, high heels, Internet …

On the other hand, Indians live in the beautiful reservoirs but with high mortality … Indian reservation. No easy answer here.

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Blue ufo

Hydrangea

 

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Valkyrie, 2008

Ten years old movie but I enjoyed it. Good acting. It’s at a good time because the G7 meeting being held in Quebec and one particular photo of Angela Merkel has been catching attentions. Some Chinese comments are saying they she’ll be the next leader …

Fat chance.

Anyway. This movie. Tom Cruise says that he wants to show the world that not all Germans are like Hitler and he dispises hitler.

There were more than a dozen attempts to assassin hitler but all had failed, unfortunately. Otherwise so many lives could have been spared and Germany would not have been so throughly disgrace.

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The 700 million question

Recently an expose of cheating on income tax is a hot topic in China. An ex CCTV host felt insulted for an old movie (Mobile?) and the upcoming sequel Mobile 2.  So he strikes back by showing the actress’ two contacts, one for income purpose and the second one, which is far larger in amount, is under the table…

How large is the amount? ¥10 million on the table and ¥60 million under the table.

And the host said he has a drawer full of such contracts. One of them amounts to ¥710 million for a husband and wife team.

What I want to know, which no one has talked about so far, is the $100 million question – how the payor justifies his, paying someone that kind of money under the table? … Oh sorry my $100 million is eaten by my dog. You think the IRS or any tax authority would believe that?

Just happened, I saw Adrife tonight. Huayi Bro., which is the involved in this tax scandal is one of the production companies. Actually, I’ve seen Huayi as the production company rather often lately.

这几天7亿的问题红红火火 … 但是没有一个人说起付这些明星钱的人 她/他自己怎么和税务局交代呀?… 难道 “我的7亿人民币被狗吃了…”
俺数学不好,希望谷歌没有忽悠俺 [捂脸]

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Anson Burlingame and the Chinese

PBS has a docu tonight at 8 (I think; by CAAM) about this Act. As I’ve been doing some research (unrelating to this Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882) and noticed that this Act is an amendment of Burlingame Treaty signed in 1868 which was favorable to the Chinese … Burlingame died in St. Petersburg in 1870 representing Qing China…

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Mom and I

My first swimming in Kunming Lake @ Summer Palace in Beijing with my mom. The lake is no longer allowed to swim.

On a cloudy day, going down the memory lane, only because today is mom’s 50th-anniversary 忌辰/忌日..

横渡昆明湖 [呲牙] 第一次游泳 … 不能输在起跑线上哈 [偷笑]..

      

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Half a century ago today …

50 years of pain and longing. It’s a ruthless era. Mom passed away and my world changed forever. What kind of the society that turned family members against one another.

半个世纪前的今天妈妈离开了我. 痛苦和思念. 人性, 在那丧心病狂的年月里…

     

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